“Now that we have met with paradox we have some hope of making progress.” [Niels Bohr]
I go further and argue that if the theory you are considering (e.g. to explain consciousness) is not at root a paradox, then it is a limited truth.
And no, we can never fully comprehend these paradoxes of life -- such as finite within the infinite, consciousness within a deeper collective-unconscious, part within whole, individual within oneness.
If you think you've fully understood any of the above paradoxes, you've simply demonstrated a bias of focus towards one side.